HTML5 – ISO LANGUAGE CODE TABLE – LANGUAGE CULTURE NAMES
Web Development might become real challenge when it comes to creating documents in languages other your native. I can cause quite a pain to both front- and back-end developers and administrators to make sure content is being displayed correctly.
Language declaration is specification for full HTML document or chunk of HTML storing some content. Keep in mind it doesn’t provide any information on character encoding or text direction (right to left or left to right), which have to be added additionally. Language declaration is often stated for:
- Language processing
- Text to speech converters (to localize language)
- Selecting the right fonts
- Selecting the spell-check dictionaries
- Language in HTML Document
HTML5 standard makes Content-Language obsolete, If used, W3C’s HTML5 validator will report error as follows: “Using the meta element to specify the document-wide default language is obsolete. Consider specifying the language on the root element instead.”.
Right now there are other three methods to declare the language.
As part of header in HTTP response, e.g. below:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Wed, 05 Nov 2003 10:46:04 GMT Server: Apache/1.3.28 (Unix) PHP/4.2.3 Content-Location: CSS2-REC.en.html Vary: negotiate,accept-language,accept-charset TCN: choice P3P: policyref=http://www.w3.org/2001/05/P3P/p3p.xml Cache-Control: max-age=21600 Expires: Wed, 05 Nov 2003 16:46:04 GMT Last-Modified: Tue, 12 May 1998 22:18:49 GMT ETag: "3558cac9;36f99e2b" Accept-Ranges: bytes Content-Length: 10734 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1 Content-Language: en
Example from W3C article on Internationalization Best Practices
It can be added to HTML element as lang or a xml:lang attribute on XML documents used for example in SVG as shown below.
It could be also use on other tags, which is useful especially for content displayed in two languages next to each other.
<div lang="en"> ...English content...</div> <div lang="de"> ...German content </div>
Few language codes could also be assign to one tag being comma separate
<div lang="en-us, en-uk, de"> ... multilingual content... </div>
ISO Language Code Table / Language Culture
Code Language (region) af Afrikaans ar-ae Arabic (U.A.E.) ar-bh Arabic (Bahrain) ar-dz Arabic (Algeria) ar-eg Arabic (Egypt) ar-iq Arabic (Iraq) ar-jo Arabic (Jordan) ar-kw Arabic (Kuwait) ar-lb Arabic (Lebanon) ar-ly Arabic (Libya) ar-ma Arabic (Morocco) ar-om Arabic (Oman) ar-qa Arabic (Qatar) ar-sa Arabic (Saudi Arabia) ar-sy Arabic (Syria) ar-tn Arabic (Tunisia) ar-ye Arabic (Yemen) be Belarusian bg Bulgarian ca Catalan cs Czech da Danish de German (Standard) de-at German (Austria) de-ch German (Switzerland) de-li German (Liechtenstein) de-lu German (Luxembourg) el Greek en English en-au English (Australia) en-bz English (Belize) en-ca English (Canada) en-gb English (United Kingdom) en-ie English (Ireland) en-jm English (Jamaica) en-nz English (New Zealand) en-tt English (Trinidad) en-us English (United States) en-za English (South Africa) es Spanish (Spain) es-ar Spanish (Argentina) es-bo Spanish (Bolivia) es-cl Spanish (Chile) es-co Spanish (Colombia) es-cr Spanish (Costa Rica) es-do Spanish (Dominican Republic) es-ec Spanish (Ecuador) es-gt Spanish (Guatemala) es-hn Spanish (Honduras) es-mx Spanish (Mexico) es-ni Spanish (Nicaragua) es-pa Spanish (Panama) es-pe Spanish (Peru) es-pr Spanish (Puerto Rico) es-py Spanish (Paraguay) es-sv Spanish (El Salvador) es-uy Spanish (Uruguay) es-ve Spanish (Venezuela) et Estonian eu Basque fa Farsi fi Finnish fo Faeroese fr French (Standard) fr-be French (Belgium) fr-ca French (Canada) fr-ch French (Switzerland) fr-lu French (Luxembourg) ga Irish gd Gaelic (Scotland) he Hebrew hi Hindi hr Croatian hu Hungarian id Indonesian is Icelandic it Italian (Standard) it-ch Italian (Switzerland) ja Japanese ji Yiddish ko Korean ko Korean (Johab) ku Kurdish lt Lithuanian lv Latvian mk Macedonian (FYROM) ml Malayalam ms Malaysian mt Maltese nl Dutch (Standard) nl-be Dutch (Belgium) nb Norwegian (Bokmål) nn Norwegian (Nynorsk) no Norwegian pa Punjabi pl Polish pt Portuguese (Portugal) pt-br Portuguese (Brazil) rm Rhaeto-Romanic ro Romanian ro-md Romanian (Republic of Moldova) ru Russian ru-md Russian (Republic of Moldova) sb Sorbian sk Slovak sl Slovenian sq Albanian sr Serbian sv Swedish sv-fi Swedish (Finland) th Thai tn Tswana tr Turkish ts Tsonga uk Ukrainian ur Urdu ve Venda vi Vietnamese xh Xhosa zh-cn Chinese (PRC) zh-hk Chinese (Hong Kong) zh-sg Chinese (Singapore) zh-tw Chinese (Taiwan) zu Zulu
Published by IndieForger